Standing atop Marye's Heights, only the growth of trees hides what was once a commanding view of the left of the
Confederate field of battle. Except for an early morning fog and the haze from rapidly discharged weapons, Southern artillerists and
infantrymen had an almost unobstructed view, as many of the trees pictured here were not present. The fire from these positions on the
series of gallant Union charges was devastating. As General Longstreet would later write, "Our artillery, being in position,
opened fire as soon as the masses became dense enough to warrant it. This fire was very destructive and demoralizing in its effects,
and frequently made gaps in the enemy's ranks that could be seen at the distance of a mile." In one day, the Union suffered over
12,000 casualties to the South's 5,000. Formerly whole men lay where they fell in the cold winter air as night crept over them,
blanketing their agonized cries. In General Robert E. Lee's Official Report, he stated, "...when night closed in, the shattered
masses of the enemy had disappeared in the town, leaving the field covered with dead and wounded."
To your left is a current day image of Brompton, the stately
manor present on Marye's Heights at the time of the battle. Riddled by bullets and shell fragments, Brompton would survive the
December 1862 and May 1863 battles to serve as a hospital during General Grant's Overland Campaign in 1864. Click on the above image
for a view of the open fields the Confederate artillerists raked with shot and shell while their Union counterparts dutifully attempted
to advance. Click on the image to your left to see an image of Brompton in 1864.